The best and least risky methods for managing pain, particularly post-surgical pain, are still being researched. Acupuncture has been used in Eastern medicine for a long time and has now been introduced in Western medicine as an approach to managing pain. Currently, no extensive studies have been performed on the role of acupuncture in perioperative pain. Shah et al., (2022) investigated the effects of various acupuncture modalities in controlling and reducing perioperative pain.
Current Pain and Headache Reports
Acupuncture has the potential to manage the pain through pressing the pain points with the right intensity at the right place. Patients suffering from gynecologic pelvic surgery, neurosurgery, spine surgery, and abdominal surgery get better improvement due to acupuncture. All these surgeries take a long time to recover from and demand the use of opioids for a longer duration. Shah et al., (2022) found traditional total body acupuncture, transcutaneous electric acupoint stimulation, and electroacupuncture to be highly promising adjuncts for analgesia. Using these non-invasive and safe approaches will help in gaining multiple benefits. The major and highlighted benefits of acupuncture in managing pain include the reduced narcotic requirement. Narcotics can have harmful effects on the body, especially when taken for a longer duration. The unwanted side effects of pharmacological treatment, such as nausea and vomiting, can be reduced with the intervention of acupuncture. Acupuncture techniques shorten the time for the body to resume proper bowel function, decrease PONV, and improve analgesia. Further studies on acupuncture techniques with prospective comparison and robust sample size will be beneficial in the characterization of selective acupuncture techniques for perioperative pain management. The study must be extended to a vast population to determine various other aspects of it.
Shah, S., Godhardt, L., & Spofford, C. (2022). Acupuncture and Postoperative Pain Reduction. Current Pain and Headache Reports, 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11916-022-01048-4