Effective Approaches to Reduce and Manage Pain

Pain management
Pain management (Source: Pixabay)

Main Point:

The unpleasant sensation that is associated with potential tissue damage in the body is known as “pain.” It affects the quality of life and can be acute or chronic. The choice of pain treatment depends on various factors and hence needs to be selected sagaciously. Pain management with narcotics is quite common, but it leads to adverse effects such as dependence. Persistent chronic low back pain can even lead to disability that compromises the lives of patients. According to Finnerup (2019), using non-narcotics to manage pain avoids narcotics’ pathetic side effects.

Published in:

The New England Journal of Medicine

Study Further:

The inadequate outcomes from opioids compelled Finnerup (2019) to conduct a study on different approaches to pain management. Pain is reduced to a small or insufficient degree by intervention and pharmacology. The training and education of healthcare professionals is beneficial in ensuring the safety of evidence-based and cost-effective treatments for pain management. The treatment of postoperative and cancer pain is a serious challenge for which opioids are generally recommended. However, combining non-opioid drugs can help with pain relief. The intensity of the pain can be evaluated on a 10-point numeric scale ranging from 0 to 10. Non-opioid medications include non-opioid analgesics, such as antiepileptics, antidepressants, and NSAIDs, as well as complementary therapies, such as heat therapy, yoga, music therapy, massage, and acupuncture. The American Pain Society emphasizes programs of self-management through the incorporation of both pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic methods. The best approaches for pain management are to avoid opioids, consider psychological treatment, and ensure patient education. He concluded that the use of multiple approaches is effective in treating and managing postoperative pain, acute pain, and chronic pain.  


Finnerup, N. B. (2019). Nonnarcotic methods of pain management. New England Journal of Medicine380(25), 2440-2448. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMra1807061

Nagina Anwar

Nagina Anwar is Medical and Business graduate (Pharm. D - gold medalist, MPhil, MBA exec., B.Sc.). She is pursuing her career in the field of education and freelancing as a lecturer and content writer, respectively. Writing is her passion, which she is pursuing for the last 6 years. She is continuously unlocking new horizons with national and international projects.