Vitamin D Supplementation Does Not Improve Asthma Treatment, Symptoms For Adults With Low Vitamin D Levels

Vitamin D is not helpful in asthma (Credit: NIAID/Flickr)
Vitamin D is not helpful in asthma (Credit: NIAID/Flickr)

Main Points:

In adults with persistent asthma and low vitamin D levels, treatment with vitamin D3 did not reduce the rate of treatment failure or exacerbation of symptoms, according to a study published by JAMA. The study is being released early online to coincide with its presentation at the American Thoracic Society International Conference.

Published in:

JAMA

Study Further:

In children and adults with asthma, lower vitamin D levels have been linked to impaired lung function, increased frequency of exacerbations, and reduced responsiveness to steroid therapy. Data suggesting that vitamin D supplementation could modify steroid response and reduce airway inflammation have led to questions about whether treatment with vitamin D might improve outcomes in patients with asthma, according to background information in the article.

Mario Castro, M.D., M.P.H., of the Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, and colleagues randomly assigned adults with asthma and low vitamin D levels to vitamin D3 (100,000 IU once, then 4,000 IU/daily for 28 weeks; n = 201) or placebo (n = 207), which was added to treatment with the inhaled corticosteroid ciclesonide.

The researchers found that the addition of vitamin D3 to ciclesonide did not significantly reduce the rate of first treatment failure (a composite outcome of decline in lung function and increases in use of beta-agonists, systemic steroids, and health care utilization) compared with placebo; 28 percent and 29 percent of participants in each group, respectively, experienced at least 1 treatment failure during 28 weeks. Participants most commonly experienced treatment failure due to the need for increased inhaled or systemic steroids (58 percent) or by experiencing an exacerbation of asthma symptoms (46 percent).

There was also no significant reduction in other measured outcomes related to asthma control, airway function, quality of life, or airway inflammation.

“These findings do not support a strategy of therapeutic vitamin D3 supplementation in patients with symptomatic asthma,” the authors conclude.

Reference:

Mario Castro MD, MPH, Tonya S. King PhD, Susan J. Kunselman MA, Michael D. Cabana MD, MPH, Loren Denlinger MD, PhD, Fernando Holguin MD, Shamsah D. Kazani MD, Wendy C. Moore MD, James Moy MD, Christine A. Sorkness PharmD, Pedro Avila MD, Leonard B. Bacharier MD, Eugene Bleecker MD, Homer A. Boushey MD, James Chmiel MD, Anne M. Fitzpatrick PhD, Deborah Gentile MD, Mandeep Hundal MD, Elliot Israel MD, Monica Kraft MD, Jerry A. Krishnan MD, PhD, Craig LaForce MD, Stephen C. Lazarus MD, Robert Lemanske MD, Njira Lugogo MD, Richard J. Martin MD, David T. Mauger PhD, Edward Naureckas MD, Stephen P. Peters MD, PhD, Wanda Phipatanakul MD, MS, Loretta G. Que MD, Ajay Sheshadri MD, Lewis Smith MD, Julian Solway MD, Lisa Sullivan-Vedder MD, Kaharu Sumino MD, MPH, Michael E. Wechsler MD, Sally Wenzel MD, Steven R. White MD, E. Rand Sutherland MD, MPH. Effect of Vitamin D3 on Asthma Treatment Failures in Adults With Symptomatic Asthma and Lower Vitamin D Levels: The VIDA Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2014; 311(20):-. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.5052

Editor’s Note:

This study was conducted with the support of grants that were awarded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Ciclesonide and levalbuterol were provided without cost by Sunovion Pharmaceuticals Inc. Please see the article for additional information, including other authors, author contributions and affiliations, financial disclosures, etc.

Media Advisory:

To contact corresponding author Tonya S. King, Ph.D., call Matthew Solovey at 717-531-0003, ext. 287127, or email msolovey@hmc.psu.edu.

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