Showing men a video on skin self-examination and skin awareness may help to increase the number of patients who receive whole-body clinical skin examinations (CSEs) from their physicians, which could increase skin cancer diagnosis in older men, according to a study by Monika Janda, Ph.D., of the Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia, and colleagues.
In the United States, death rates from melanoma have decreased in women but have increased in men. Early detection is an important strategy and can be done with clinical or skin self-examination, according to the study background.
The researchers randomized 930 men (age 50 and older) to receive either a skin awareness video-based intervention and brochures or brochures only (control group). Outcome measures were those patients who reported a CSE, what type (skin spot, partial body or whole body), who initiated it, whether the physician noted any suspicious lesions and how the lesions were managed.
After seven months, 62.1 percent reported a CSE after receiving the intervention materials. CSEs had a comparable proportion of men in between the intervention and control groups, but men in the intervention were more likely to report a whole-body CSE. A higher proportion of malignant lesions were diagnosed in the video intervention group.
“We acknowledge that routine use of CSE as a screening tool will place a burden on the health care system and could lead to the detection of skin cancers that are relatively indolent and may never cause death or significant morbidity,” the authors conclude. “However, with increasing evidence from observational studies supporting the effects of CSE in reducing the incidence of thick melanomas and melanoma-associated mortality rates and with evidence of potential reductions in the cost-benefit ratio, our results support implementing behavioral interventions to encourage skin awareness among men aged at least 50 years.”
Monika Janda PhD, Philippa Youl PhD, Rachel Neale PhD, Joanne Aitken PhD, David Whiteman PhD, Louisa Gordon PhD, Peter Baade PhD (2014). Clinical Skin Examination Outcomes After a Video-Based Behavioral Intervention: Analysis From a Randomized Clinical Trial JAMA Dermatology DOI: 10.1001/jamadermatol.2013.9313
(JAMA Dermatology. Published online February 19, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamadermatol.2013.9313)
This study was supported by the Australian National Health and Medical Research Committee. Please see the article for additional information, including other authors, author contributions and affiliations, financial disclosures, funding and support, etc.