Depression is not much common in U.S. as said

Depression is not much common in U.S. as said (Credit: iStockphoto.com)

Main point:

Researcher has found that over-diagnosis and over-treatment of depression is common in Americans.

Journal:

Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics

Study Further:

“Depression over-diagnosis and over-treatment is common in the U.S. and frankly the numbers are staggering,” said Ramin J. Mojtabai, PhD, author of the study and an associate professor with the Bloomberg School’s Department of Mental Health.

Researcher, in this study, worked on 5,639 participants with clinician-identified depression taken from the 2009-2010 United States National Survey of Drug Use and Health. They examined the major depressive episodes within a 12-month period in the patients.

Researcher found that only 38.4% of adults with clinician-identified depression met the 12-month criteria for depression, even though many of the participants being prescribed and using psychiatric medications.

“Among study participants who were 65 years old or older with clinician-identified depression, 6 out of every 7 did not meet the 12-month major-depressive-episodes criteria. While participants who did not meet the criteria used significantly fewer services and treatment contacts, the majority of both groups used prescription psychiatric medication.” Mojtabai said in a statement.

“A number of factors likely contribute to the high false-positive rate of depression diagnosis in community settings, including the relatively low prevalence of depression in these settings, clinicians’ uncertainty about the diagnostic criteria and the ambiguity regarding sub-threshold syndromes,” said Mojtabai. “Previous evidence has highlighted the under-diagnosis and under-treatment of major depression in community settings. The new data suggest that the under-diagnosis and under-treatment of many who are in need of treatment occurs in conjunction with the over-diagnosis and over-treatment of others who do not need such treatment. There is a need for improved targeting of diagnosis and treatment of depression and other mental disorders in these settings.”

Sources:

Newswise

Reference:

Mojtabai, R. (2013). Clinician-Identified Depression in Community Settings: Concordance with Structured-Interview Diagnoses Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 82 (3), 161-169 DOI: 10.1159/000345968

Usman Zafar Paracha

Usman Zafar Paracha is a sort of entrepreneur. He is the author of "Color Atlas of Statistics", and the owner of an Android game "Faily Rocket."