Dyslexia can be controlled by enforcing the patients to read faster

DyslexiaResearchers have found that enforcing the patients of dyslexia to read faster can improve their reading comprehension and ability to speak effortlessly and correctly.

This research has been published online in the journal Nature Communications.

Dyslexia is a learning disorder in which the patient experiences the severe difficulty in recognizing and understanding written language, leading to spelling and writing problems. It is not caused by low intelligence or brain damage and there is no standard treatment strategy for this disorder. It affects between 5-10% of the world’s population.

Previously, it was thought that while reading ‘slowing down and sounding it out’ could help the patients of dyslexia while this study showed that ‘hurrying up and getting on with it’ could help more.

“We essentially tell the brain, ‘Hey, you can do better,’” Zvia Breznitz, a psychologist at the University of Haifa in Israel and lead author of the study, said in a statement. “We slowly break the cycle of bad reading.”

Researchers in this study enforced the typical and dyslexic adults to silently read the statements with increasingly demanding limiting factors such as letter-by-letter erasing in the direction of the reading. There were three 20-minute sessions per week for two months. Researchers found that the students with dyslexia read about 25% faster than before and comprehended more, even when allowed to read at their own pace. Their performance retained even after 6 months of training.

“Our results suggest that fluent reading depends in part on rapid information processing, which then might affect perception, cognitive processing and possibly eye movements. These processes remain malleable in adulthood, even in individuals with developmental dyslexia,” Researchers noted.

Reference:
Breznitz, Z., Shaul, S., Horowitz-Kraus, T., Sela, I., Nevat, M., & Karni, A. (2013). Enhanced reading by training with imposed time constraint in typical and dyslexic adults Nature Communications, 4 DOI: 10.1038/ncomms2488

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