Dengue fever is a tropical disease caused by virus. Dengue fever is also known as “Breakbone fever” or “Dandy fever”. Here we are covering some of the signs and symptoms of Dengue fever. Remember “Sign” refers to indication of disease by a doctor or someone else and “Symptoms” refers to indication of the disease by the patient himself.
In case of mild dengue fever
1. High Fever which may go up to 105 F
2. Rashes that may gradually becomes less in intensity and then reappear
4. Serious stiffness and pain in joint
5. Serious type of muscle pains
6. Nausea and vomiting
7. Pain behind eyes
These signs and/or symptoms may appear 4-10 days after exposure to dengue virus (which was carried by mosquito and bitten the patient). Death rarely happens with mild dengue fever.
In case of Severe dengue fever (Dengue hemorrhagic fever)
1. Signs and symptoms of mild dengue fever. Fever may last from 2-7 days.
2. Largely damage to blood (vessels) and lymph vessels
3. Platelets are decreased which helps in blood clotting
4. Bleeding occurs beneath the skin giving the appearance of skin discoloration resulting from injury (known as Petechiae)
5. Bleeding from Nose and gums
6. Death (often occurs)
In case of most severe dengue fever (Dengue shock syndrome)
1. Vomiting occurring often
2. Abdominal pain which is difficult to bear
3. Extensive bleeding
4. Confused in directions or positions
5. Fluid coming out of blood vessels
6. Sudden decrease of blood pressure (condition known as shock)
References and Further Reading:
http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/fAQFacts/index.html accessed August 21, 2011.
http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs117/en/ accessed August 21, 2011.
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001373.htm accessed August 21, 2011.