Language ‘evolution’ may shed light on human migration out-of-Beringia

Main Point:

New analysis reveals relationship between Siberian, North American languages.

Published in:

PLOS ONE

Study Further:

Evolutionary analysis applied to the relationship between North American and Central Siberian languages may indicate that people moved out from the Bering Land Bridge, with some migrating back to central Asia and others into North America, according to a paper published in the open-access journal PLOS ONE on March 12, 2014 by Mark Sicoli, from Georgetown University and Gary Holton from University of Alaska Fairbanks.

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The Perfect Science Team

Woman in Lab (Credit: UMassAmherst/Flickr)The growing number of professional women scientists invites studies like the one conducted by Teresa Woodruff, a professor of Northwestern University’s McCormick School of Engineering, Medical Social Sciences.

Woodruff, with an international team of six other scientists, is analyzing publication records of nearly 4,000 male and female faculty members across the U.S. From this they can identify teams of scientists, and they are the first to create a repository of gender-based science teams, Woodruff said.

“We’re very interested in understanding how team science influences quality and quantity of science,” Woodruff said. By studying different teams of scientists, Woodruff and colleagues found that teams comprised of both men and women performed better than male-only teams. Read More …

Estimated one in 14 women worldwide sexually assaulted by someone other than a partner

Main Points:

Worldwide, one in 14 women (7.2%) aged 15 years or older report being sexually assaulted by someone other than an intimate partner at least once in their lives, according to new research published in The Lancet looking at the prevalence of non-partner sexual violence* in 56 countries.

Published in:

The Lancet

Study Further:

The estimates suggest that the global picture varies widely. Countries with the highest rates of sexual violence are those in central sub-Saharan Africa (21%; Democratic Republic of Congo), southern sub-Saharan Africa (17.4%; Namibia, South Africa, Zimbabwe), and Australasia (16.4%; New Zealand and Australia). Countries in North Africa/ Middle East (4.5%; Turkey) and south Asia (3.3%; India, Bangladesh) reported the lowest rates.

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In Czech Republic, mothers or fathers can take up to 4 years of paid parental leave – Infographic

Mercer is an American global human resource and related financial services consulting firm, headquartered in New York City. Recent, the company has launched an interesting infographic showing the leave policies of different countries.

“All countries in Mercer’s report provide some level of parental leave, but the scope of difference can be quite astounding,” said Samantha Polovina, the Mercer Principal responsible for the report. “For example, one country may mandate a few days or weeks of leave, while another allows four years — much of it paid.” Read More …