Posts Tagged ‘psychology’

Pill appearance affects how patients take their medications

pills (Credit:  aSIMULAtor/Flickr)Main Point:

Heart patients significantly more likely to stop taking medication after pill changes appearance.

When it comes to taking generic heart medications, appearance matters.

Published in:

Annals of Internal Medicine

Study Further:

Physicians often prescribe generic medications for the treatment of cardiovascular disease because generics are inexpensive for patients and payors and are available in nearly every class of relevant medication – antihypertensive, lipid-lowering, anticoagulant, antiplatelet, and antiarrhythmic agents. While generic drugs are therapeutically interchangeable, pill appearance may vary among manufacturers, or between generic and brand-name versions of a drug. Whether these appearance changes affect patient adherence to medications is an issue because taking medications as prescribed is essential for good outcomes. Read more…

Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by saypeople - July 15, 2014 at 2:00 am

Categories: Medical   Tags: , , , , ,

High stress, hostility, depression linked with increased stroke risk

Stress (Credit: marsmet549/flickr)Main Points:

  • Higher levels of stress, hostility and depressive symptoms are associated with significantly increased risk of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) in middle-age and older adults.
  • Significant increased risk was not observed for anger.

Published in:

Stroke

Study Further:

Higher levels of stress, hostility and depressive symptoms are associated with significantly increased risk of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) in middle-age and older adults, according to new research in the American Heart Association journal Stroke.

A TIA is a stroke caused by a temporary blockage of blood flow to the brain. Read more…

Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by saypeople - July 11, 2014 at 1:00 am

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Initial treatment with efavirenz-containing antiretroviral regimen doubles risk for suicidal behaviors

Suicidal (Credit: epSos.de - Flickr)Main Point:

Initial treatment for HIV infection with an efavirenz-containing antiretroviral regimen doubles a patient’s risk for suicidal thoughts, attempts, or completion.

Published in:

Annals of Internal Medicine

Study Further:

Efavirenz is a common and highly effective component of antiretroviral therapy for HIV infection that has been associated with central nervous system side effects, including suicide. But because there has been no clear evidence of association between efavirenz and suicide, psychiatric history has not excluded patients from efavirenz treatment. Read more…

Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by saypeople - July 1, 2014 at 2:00 am

Categories: Medical   Tags: , , ,

Parents of Children with Autism Curtail Reproduction After Signs of Disorder

autism (Credit: Gordana Adamovic-Mldenovic/Flickr)Main Point:

Parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) appear to curtail attempts to have more children after the first signs of the disorder manifest or a diagnosis is made.

Published in:

JAMA Psychiatry

Authors:

Thomas J. Hoffmann, Ph.D., of the University of California, San Francisco, and colleagues.

Background:

ASD is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder. Few studies have focused on reproductive stoppage by parents after a child is diagnosed with ASD or symptoms appear.

How the Study Was Conducted:

Authors identified patients with ASD born from 1990 through 2003 in California. A total of 19,710 families in which the first birth occurred during the study period were identified. The families included 39,361 individuals (siblings and half-siblings). A group of 36,215 control families (including 75,724 individuals) also were identified that had no individuals with an ASD diagnosis. Read more…

Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by saypeople - June 19, 2014 at 1:00 am

Categories: Medical   Tags: , , , , , ,

Depression linked to higher heart disease death risk in younger women

Depression (Credit: Majicdolphin/Flickr)Main Points:

  • Women 55 and younger are twice as likely to suffer a heart attack, die or require artery-opening procedures if they’re depressed.
  • Women in this age group are also more likely than men and older women to suffer from depression — possibly a “hidden” risk factor that helps explain why more women die after a heart attack.

Read more…

Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by saypeople - at 1:00 am

Categories: Medical   Tags: , , , , ,

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