Three types of pain

Nociceptive pain: It is the type of pain associated with tissue damage – injury or inflammation. It can be somatic

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Adrenal Gland Scan

Adrenal gland scan is also known as adrenal scintiscan, adrenal scintigraphy, or metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scan. Adrenal gland scan assists adrenal

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Acetylcholine Receptor (AChR) Antibody

Acetylcholine Receptor (AChR) Antibody value, if >0.4 nmol/L in the bloodstream, uses in the diagnosis of myasthenia gravis; a disorder

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Enzymes versus Hormones

Enzymes are usually secreted by duct glands, and hormones are secreted by ductless glands. Enzymes are almost always proteins, and

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mRNA vaccine history

Year 1989 – Cationic lipid-based mRNA delivery to cells in vitro. Year 1990 – Direct application of mRNA in the

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mRNA vaccine mechanism

Viruses have spike proteins that are produced with the help of messenger RNA (mRNA). This mRNA is then coated in

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Acute Radiation Syndrome

High dose of penetrating radiation exposure over a short period of time (usually within minutes) causes depletion of immature parenchymal

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Outcomes of drug-drug interaction

The outcomes of drug-drug interaction can be in different forms, including three most common forms. These are (1) Intensification or

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Renal Drug Excretion

Renal drug excretion consists of three different processes. These processes are (1) Glomerular filtration, (2) Passive reabsorption, and (3) Active

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Heart rate and drugs affecting heart rate

Heart rate refers to the rate of heart beat. It helps in quick evaluation of an individual’s health. Autonomic nervous

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