Tag Archives: Heart

Classes of antihypertensive drugs

High stress, hostility, depression linked with increased stroke risk

Stress (Credit: marsmet549/flickr)Main Points:

  • Higher levels of stress, hostility and depressive symptoms are associated with significantly increased risk of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) in middle-age and older adults.
  • Significant increased risk was not observed for anger.

Published in:

Stroke

Study Further:

Higher levels of stress, hostility and depressive symptoms are associated with significantly increased risk of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) in middle-age and older adults, according to new research in the American Heart Association journal Stroke.

A TIA is a stroke caused by a temporary blockage of blood flow to the brain. Continue reading High stress, hostility, depression linked with increased stroke risk

Young Hispanics often obese, at higher risk for heart diseases

weight (Credit: Chris/Flickr)Main Points:

  • Obesity is common among U.S. Hispanics and is severe among young Hispanics.
  • This is associated with a considerable risk for heart diseases.

Published in:

Journal of the American Heart Association (JAHA)

Study Further:

Obesity is common among U.S. Hispanics and is severe particularly among young Hispanics, according to research in the Journal of the American Heart Association (JAHA).

The first large-scale data on body mass index (BMI) and cardiovascular disease risk factors among U.S. Hispanic/Latino adult populations suggests that severe obesity may be associated with considerable excess risk for cardiovascular diseases.

For U.S. Hispanics, the obesity epidemic “is unprecedented and getting worse,” said Robert Kaplan, Ph.D., lead author, and professor of epidemiology and population health at Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York City. “Because young adults with obesity are likely to be sicker as they age, and have higher healthcare costs, we should be investing heavily in obesity research and prevention, as if our nation’s future depended upon it.” Continue reading Young Hispanics often obese, at higher risk for heart diseases

Childhood malnutrition linked to higher blood pressure in adults

Malnutrition (Credit: publik16/Flickr.com) Main Point:

Malnutrition during childhood is associated with higher diastolic blood pressure, higher resistance to blood flow, and poor heart function during adulthood.

Published in:

Hypertension

Study Further:

Severe malnutrition in childhood may increase the risk for high blood pressure in adulthood — a possible significant impact on global health, according to new research in the American Heart Association journal Hypertension.

Inadequate nutrition before birth and up to age 5 may harm the heart’s development, researchers said.

“If nutritional needs are not met during this time, when structures of the body are highly susceptible to potentially irreversible change, it could have long-term consequences on heart anatomy and blood flow later in life,” said Terrence Forrester, Ph.D., study senior author and chief scientist, UWI Solutions for Developing Countries, at the University of the West Indies, Mona, in Kingston, Jamaica. Continue reading Childhood malnutrition linked to higher blood pressure in adults

Depression linked to higher heart disease death risk in younger women

Main Points:

  • Women 55 and younger are twice as likely to suffer a heart attack, die or require artery-opening procedures if they’re depressed.
  • Women in this age group are also more likely than men and older women to suffer from depression — possibly a “hidden” risk factor that helps explain why more women die after a heart attack.

Continue reading Depression linked to higher heart disease death risk in younger women

To prevent stroke in women, start young

Stroke risk in women (Credit: craigcloutier/Flickr)Main Point:

Stroke risk in women begins in young adulthood, according to a guideline synopsis.

Published in:

Annals of Internal Medicine

Study Further:

While stroke typically affects women in old age, sex-specific guidelines from the American Heart Association and American Stroke Association recommend that physicians assess a woman’s health history for unique events that increase her risk of stroke later in life, such as being diagnosed with preeclampsia or using of hormonal contraceptives. Continue reading To prevent stroke in women, start young

Gender-specific research improves accuracy of heart disease diagnosis in women

Women are more likely than men to be diagnosed with non-obstructive coronary heart disease (Credit: Fanny/Flickr)
Women are more likely than men to be diagnosed with non-obstructive coronary heart disease (Credit: Fanny/Flickr)

Main Points:

  • Women are more likely than men to be diagnosed with dysfunctions of the smaller coronary arteries and the lining of the coronary arteries, known as non-obstructive coronary heart disease.
  • Women previously diagnosed as having “false positive” stress tests may have non-obstructive coronary disease, placing them at risk for heart attack.
  • Clinicians can now be armed with the tools and knowledge necessary to more accurately detect, determine risk and treatment strategies for heart disease in women.

Continue reading Gender-specific research improves accuracy of heart disease diagnosis in women