Tag Archives: health

Pill appearance affects how patients take their medications

pills (Credit:  aSIMULAtor/Flickr)Main Point:

Heart patients significantly more likely to stop taking medication after pill changes appearance.

When it comes to taking generic heart medications, appearance matters.

Published in:

Annals of Internal Medicine

Study Further:

Physicians often prescribe generic medications for the treatment of cardiovascular disease because generics are inexpensive for patients and payors and are available in nearly every class of relevant medication – antihypertensive, lipid-lowering, anticoagulant, antiplatelet, and antiarrhythmic agents. While generic drugs are therapeutically interchangeable, pill appearance may vary among manufacturers, or between generic and brand-name versions of a drug. Whether these appearance changes affect patient adherence to medications is an issue because taking medications as prescribed is essential for good outcomes. Continue reading

Young Hispanics often obese, at higher risk for heart diseases

weight (Credit: Chris/Flickr)Main Points:

  • Obesity is common among U.S. Hispanics and is severe among young Hispanics.
  • This is associated with a considerable risk for heart diseases.

Published in:

Journal of the American Heart Association (JAHA)

Study Further:

Obesity is common among U.S. Hispanics and is severe particularly among young Hispanics, according to research in the Journal of the American Heart Association (JAHA).

The first large-scale data on body mass index (BMI) and cardiovascular disease risk factors among U.S. Hispanic/Latino adult populations suggests that severe obesity may be associated with considerable excess risk for cardiovascular diseases.

For U.S. Hispanics, the obesity epidemic “is unprecedented and getting worse,” said Robert Kaplan, Ph.D., lead author, and professor of epidemiology and population health at Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York City. “Because young adults with obesity are likely to be sicker as they age, and have higher healthcare costs, we should be investing heavily in obesity research and prevention, as if our nation’s future depended upon it.” Continue reading

Incidence of childhood tuberculosis could be 25% higher than previous estimates

Photo credit: International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)/FlickrMain Points:

New estimates indicate that over 650 000 children develop tuberculosis (TB) every year in the 22 countries with a high burden of the disease (HBCs)*—almost 25% higher than the total number of new cases worldwide estimated by WHO in 2012 (530 000)**. The research, published in The Lancet Global Health, also suggests that about 15 million children are exposed to TB every year, and roughly 53 million are living with latent TB infection, which can progress to infectious active TB at any time.

Published in:

The Lancet Global Health

Study Further:

“Our findings highlight an enormous opportunity for preventive antibiotic treatment among the 15 million children younger than 15 years of age who are living in the same household as an adult with infectious TB”***, explains lead author Dr Peter Dodd from the University of Sheffield in the UK. “Wider use of isoniazid therapy for these children as a preventative measure would probably substantially reduce the numbers of children who go on to develop the disease.”*** Continue reading

Home Visits by Nurse May Help Reduce Mortality in Moms, Children

Medical nurse (Credit: phalinn/flickr)

Medical nurse (Credit: phalinn/flickr)

Main Point:

Women who had prenatal and infant/toddler nurse visits at home were less likely to die than women who did not and children whose mothers were visited by nurses were less likely to have died by age 20 from preventable causes.

Published in:

JAMA Pediatrics


David L. Olds, Ph.D., of the University of Colorado, Aurora, and colleagues.


Since 1990, the authors have been conducting a randomized clinical trial of a program of prenatal and infant/toddler home visits by nurses for very low-income, largely black mothers, having their first child. Continue reading