Posts Tagged ‘disease’

Thyroid Disease Risk Varies Among Blacks, Asians, and Whites

Main Points:

An analysis that included active military personnel finds that the rate of the thyroid disorder Graves disease is more common among blacks and Asian/Pacific Islanders compared with whites, according to a study in the April 16 issue of JAMA.

Published in:

JAMA

Study Further:

Donald S. A. McLeod, F.R.A.C.P., M.P.H., of the QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Queensland, Australia and colleagues studied all U.S. active duty military, ages 20 to 54 years, from January 1997 to December 2011 to determine the rate of Graves disease and Hashimoto thyroiditis (a progressive autoimmune disease of the thyroid gland) by race/ethnicity. Cases were identified from data in the Defense Medical Surveillance System, which maintains comprehensive records of inpatient and outpatient medical diagnoses among all active-duty military personnel. The relationship between Graves disease and race/ethnicity has previously not been known.

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Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by saypeople - April 16, 2014 at 1:00 am

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Shock therapy improves pain and function in patients with chronic calcific shoulder tendinitis

Main Point:

Shock therapy improves pain and function in patients with chronic calcific shoulder tendinitis.

Published in:

Annals of Internal Medicine

Study Further:

Rotator cuff tendinitis is one of the most common causes of shoulder pain and may present with or without calcifications. There is little evidence to suggest that conventional therapies, such as rest, ice, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, physical therapy, and subacromial corticosteroid injections can effectively ease pain or restore function. Calcific tendinitis, in particular, may be more difficult to manage and may require surgery.

Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT), which uses sound waves of high or low energy that impart rapid fluctuations of pressure to tissues, has been suggested as an alternative treatment to expensive and risky surgical interventions.

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Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by saypeople - April 15, 2014 at 2:00 am

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New delirium severity score helps to predict outcomes for hospitalized patients

Main Point:

A new delirium severity score proves accurate for predicting important clinical outcomes in hospitalized patients.

Published in:

Annals of Internal Medicine

Study Further:

Delirium is common among hospitalized patients and is associated with poor outcomes. The Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) is a standardized, validated measure that is widely used to screen for the presence of delirium but not its severity.

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Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by saypeople - at 2:00 am

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Collaborative Care Model Manages Depression, Anxiety in Patients with Heart Disease

Main Point:

A telephone-based collaborative care model helped manage depression and anxiety, and improved health-related quality of life in patients with heart disease.

Published in:

JAMA Internal Medicine

Author:

Jeff C. Huffman, M.D., of Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, and colleagues.

Background:

Depression following acute cardiac conditions is common and generalized anxiety and panic disorders occur at higher rates in patients with heart conditions. Depression and anxiety are determinants of health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Collaborative care (CC) models use nonphysician care managers to coordinate treatment recommendations between mental health professionals and primary care physicians. There has been limited use of CC interventions among patients hospitalized for cardiac conditions.

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Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by saypeople - at 1:00 am

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Challenges to effective cancer control in China, India, and Russia

Main Point:

New report from global cancer experts outlines barriers to cancer care and recent achievements in the three countries with more than half of the world’s deaths from cancer.

Published in:

The Lancet Oncology

Study Further:

The Lancet Oncology today [Friday 11 April] publishes a major new Commission examining the challenges to effective cancer control in China, India, and Russia – which together experience 46% of all new cancers worldwide, and account for more than half (52%) of all cancer deaths globally.  The Commission was led by Professor Paul Goss, of Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, USA, in collaboration with over 40 leading cancer experts from the regions studied, and across the world.

At the same time, the journal also publishes a three part Series on cancer burden and health systems in India, coordinated by Professor Richard Sullivan, of King’s College London, UK, and with contributions from many of India’s leading cancer experts, including Professor C S Pramesh, of the Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai, India, and Professor Mohandas Mallath, of the Tata Medical Center, Kolkata, India.

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Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by saypeople - April 12, 2014 at 2:00 am

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