Apple’s new iPhones have gone above expectations

iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus big screen (Justin Sullivan/Getty Images)
iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus big screen (Justin Sullivan/Getty Images)

Latest iPhones by Apple Inc. got long lines of people, who are eager to buy this new device. According to the company, new iPhones have surpassed the sale of 10 million units in the first three days of the start of sale. Interestingly, consumers are going for iPhone 6, 7 times more than the iPhone 6 Plus. This is the second time that the company has sold two new iPhones at the same time. Last year, Apple sold nine million units of iPhone 5s and iPhone 5c in the same time of start of sale. Read More …

Challenges to effective cancer control in China, India, and Russia

Main Point:

New report from global cancer experts outlines barriers to cancer care and recent achievements in the three countries with more than half of the world’s deaths from cancer.

Published in:

The Lancet Oncology

Study Further:

The Lancet Oncology today [Friday 11 April] publishes a major new Commission examining the challenges to effective cancer control in China, India, and Russia – which together experience 46% of all new cancers worldwide, and account for more than half (52%) of all cancer deaths globally.  The Commission was led by Professor Paul Goss, of Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, USA, in collaboration with over 40 leading cancer experts from the regions studied, and across the world.

At the same time, the journal also publishes a three part Series on cancer burden and health systems in India, coordinated by Professor Richard Sullivan, of King’s College London, UK, and with contributions from many of India’s leading cancer experts, including Professor C S Pramesh, of the Tata Memorial Centre, Mumbai, India, and Professor Mohandas Mallath, of the Tata Medical Center, Kolkata, India.

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Newly discovered dreadful virus in China

Main Points:

Mojiang paramyxovirus (MojV) is a newly discovered dreadful virus in Yunnan Province of China. It has genetic similarity to henipaviruses and other members of family Paramyxoviridae. Its potential reservoir is rodents (rats).

Notes:

Following notes have been taken from Science NOW’s article “A New Killer Virus in China?” (http://goo.gl/eCNZnZ).  Read More …

China halves tuberculosis prevalence in just 20 years

Main Points:

Over the last 20 years, China has more than halved its tuberculosis (TB) prevalence, with rates falling from 170 to 59 per 100 000 population. This unrivalled success has been driven by a massive scale-up of the directly observed, short-course (DOTS) strategy, from half the population in the 1990s to the entire country after 2000, according to findings from a 20-year-long analysis of national survey data, published in The Lancet.

Published in:

The Lancet

Study Further:

“One of the key global TB targets set by the Stop TB Partnership aims to reduce tuberculosis prevalence by 50% between 1990 and 2015. This study in China is the first to show the feasibility of achieving such a target, and China achieved this 5 years earlier than the target date”, says study leader Dr Yu Wang from the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention in Beijing, China.

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Cancer drugs hitch a ride on “smart” gold nanoshells

Main Point:

Nanoparticles capable of delivering drugs to specifically targeted cancer cells have been created by a group of researchers from China.

Published in:

Biomedical Materials

Study Further:

The multifunctional ‘smart’ gold nanoshells could lead to more effective cancer treatments by overcoming a major limitation of modern chemotherapy techniques—the ability to target cancer cells specifically and leave healthy cells untouched.

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Chinese scientists report first human death associated with new bird flu virus

Scientists from China report in The Lancet on the world’s first confirmed case of human infection with a new avian influenza A H10N8 virus in a 73-year-old woman who died from the infection.

Tests on tracheal swab samples established that the virus was a new genetic reassortment avian-origin H10N8 virus (JX346). Whole genome sequencing indicated that all the genes of the virus were of avian origin, with six internal genes derived from avian H9N2 viruses that are circulating in poultry in China.

“A genetic analysis of the H10N8 virus shows a virus that is distinct from previously reported H10N8 viruses having evolved some genetic characteristics that may allow it to replicate efficiently in humans. Notably, H9N2 virus provided the internal genes not only for the H10N8 virus, but also for H7N9 and H5N1 viruses”, explains author Dr Yuelong Shu from the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing.* Read More …

World’s first genetically modified rice – “golden rice” – to be produced in Philippine

Green field (Image credit: Angie Harms)

Main Point:

Experts have reported that the first genetically-modified (GM) rice – “golden rice” – would be approved in two to three years for production in Philippines. Read More …

Chinese people are less habitual of social networking sites as compared to Americans

Online activityResearchers have found a clear difference between the social networking sites’ usage of the people living in America and people living in China.

This research has been published in the journal Computers in Human Behavior.

Researchers in this study surveyed more than 400 college-aged residents from the U.S. and China on their use of the social networking sites. In U.S., Facebook is the most popular social networking site and in China it is Ozone.

Researchers found that the people living in U.S. spend more time on the networking sites and consider them to be more important. They have more “friends” on the sites. On the other hand, people living in China are more inclined towards real-world relationships and less inclined towards the self promotion through online activities such as on Facebook and Twitter.

“In the United States, it’s all about promoting yourself and taking credit for positive outcomes and denying blame for negative outcomes,” Linda Jackson, MSU professor of psychology, said in a statement. “In China, it’s the opposite. If something bad happens, you take the blame and talk about how you can improve. If something good happens, the credit is shared for the good of the group.” Read More …

China’s $46.4 billion became the prey of Internet crimes last year

internet crime

Internet crimes in China cost the country about $46.4 billion (RMB 289 billion) last year as reported by the Global Times.

According to the report published by the People’s Public Security University of China on Sunday, about 700,000 internet users become the prey of internet crime everyday in China. According to the report, Chinese authorities inquired about 118,000 cybercrimes last year as they are as the difficult types of crimes to solve. Moreover, internet crimes have no usual regulations or articles in the criminal law.

“For example if hackers attack the website of a financial organization and transfer money, there are no laws pinpointing the parties responsible during the Internet invasion. It is unclear whether the hacker, the bank’s website or any other related party should shoulder some responsibilities for the crime,” Wei Yongzhong, a professor with the People’s Public Security University and lead author of the report, told the Global Times on Monday.

Huge amount of Internet crimes go unnoticed as they include only small amounts of money.

Among the top most threats are “fraud, prostitution, pyramid selling and personal information theft” as reported by Global Times.

As the China’s internet users are increasing, so it is expected that the crime will also rise.

“Internet crimes are rising year on year as the number of Internet users have also increased dramatically,” Wei said.

China has already started testing the smart electric grid technology

State Grid Corporation of ChinaChina has started testing the smart electric grid technology for more reliable and efficient delivery of electricity throughout the nation. This can also help in efficient delivery of high-speed internet, TV and telephonic services in the remote places in the country.

This grid has been tested under the supervision of State Grid Corporation of China (SGCC) utilizing optical networking (PON) technology i.e. the network of high-bandwidth data wiring that can transmit data in the form of light pulses that run inside the electric power cables without any disturbance. At this time, nearly 86,000 premises in China are linked to the grid. It has been estimated that if the project would go nationwide, it will cost $2 billion.

Smart grid uses computer networking to control everything from the utilization of electricity to the performance of generators. Moreover, this grid can help in the development of a number of related technologies. Read More …