Eating a vegetarian diet appears to be associated with lower blood pressure (BP), and the diets can also be used to reduce blood pressure.
JAMA Internal Medicine
Yoko Yokoyama, Ph.D., M.P.H., of the National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan, and colleagues.
Factors such as diet, body weight, physical activity and alcohol intake play a role in the risk of developing hypertension. Dietary modifications have been shown to be effective for preventing and managing hypertension.
Individuals with normal BP in the clinic but elevated BP at home are at increased risk of death and cardiovascular events.
In an individual patient data meta-analysis of studies published before July 2013, Jan A Staessen and colleagues (University of Leuven, Belgium) found that patients with masked hypertension, or normal BP in clinic but elevated BP when measured at home, had an increased risk of death and cardiovascular events compared with those who had normal BP in both the clinic and at home.
The analysis included 5008 participants. While self-measured home BP was lower on average than clinic BP (mean home systolic BP 7.0 mm Hg and diastolic BP 3.0 mm Hg lower than the conventional blood pressure), 67 (5.0%) of those with optimal clinic BP (130/85) when BP was measured at home. Read more…
Researchers have found that a common class of blood pressure lowering drugs, i.e. beta blockers, could help to reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease and other types of dementia.
In this study, researchers worked on 774 elderly Japanese-American men, who took part in the Honolulu-Asia Aging Study. Researchers performed autopsies after the death of the participants.
Out of 774 participants, 610 were diagnosed with high blood pressure or taking medications for high blood pressure. Among the participants, who were treated (nearly 350), 15% of the participants were taking only a beta blocker medicine, 18% were taking beta blocker with other medications and the rest of the participants were taking other drugs only.
Researchers found that although all types of medications are important for the treatment of blood pressure but the participants, who were taking only beta blockers had fewer abnormalities in their brain as compared to the participants, who were either taking other medicines or not taking medicines. Participants taking beta blockers alone or in combination with other drugs showed significantly less shrinkage in their brains. Read more…
A Causasian man showed a rare case of regaining functional vision. This man had blood in its anterior chamber of the eye (a condition known as hyphema) and due to this blood he had abnormally high blood pressure in the eyeball. Moreover, the light sensitive back of the eyeball was detached and there was no light perception vision. He was also the patient of diabetes mellitus. Read more…