The Lancet is today [Wednesday 21 May] publishing a Series of reports about different mass gatherings: the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games; the 2012 European Football Championship finals (Euro 2012), hosted jointly by Poland and Ukraine; and Hajj 2012 and Hajj 2013. These reports, led by Professor Ziad Memish, Deputy Minister of Health for Public Health in Saudi Arabia, and Professor Alimuddin Zumla, at University College London Medical School, UK, set out the planning and surveillance systems used to monitor public health risks, and describe the public health experiences and lessons learnt for the planning of future events. Continue reading Mass gatherings medicine – international cooperation and progress→
For the first time, scientists have developed an early warning system to predict the risk of dengue infections for the 553 microregions of Brazil during the football World Cup. The estimates, published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases, show that the chance of a dengue outbreak is enough of a possibility to warrant a high-alert warning in the three northeastern venues (Natal, Fortaleza, and Recife) but is likely to be generally low in all 12 host cities.
The Lancet Infectious Diseases
Dengue is a viral infection that is transmitted between humans by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. In some cases, it causes life-threatening illness. There are currently no licensed vaccines or treatments against dengue. So far this century, Brazil has recorded more cases of dengue fever than anywhere else in the world, with more than 7 million cases reported between 2000 and 2013.
“Recent concerns about dengue fever in Brazil during the World Cup have made dramatic headlines, but these estimates have been based solely on averages of past dengue cases. The possibility of a large dengue fever outbreak during the World Cup, capable of infecting visitors and spreading dengue back to their country of origin, depends on a combination of many factors, including large numbers of mosquitoes, a susceptible population, and a high rate of mosquito-human contact”, explains lead author Dr Rachel Lowe fromthe Catalan Institute of Climate Sciencesin Barcelona, Spain.*
In particular, climate has an important effect on dengue transmission in epidemic-prone areas where temperature and rainfall drive both mosquito and virus transmission dynamics. The risk of an epidemic increases shortly after a season of heavy rainfall, as occurred in the Amazon during the summer in Brazil.
Chinese gamers were not able to play video games on a console since 2000 as these were banned in the country. All types of gaming consoles including PS3, Xbox 360, or Nintendo Wii were not there since that time. However, the public was able to play the games on computer whether online or offline and to play the games on smartphones and other devices.
Sony Computer Entertainment Japan has patented the technology of restricting or blocking the use of the second hand video games. This technology will tag the game discs to the user accounts resulting in the rejection of playing the game with another user’s account.
Nintendo Co.’s Wii U has been set for sale in U.S. with apps and games. The company has not offered the Nintendo TVii service. This feature will be available in December as said by the company on November 16.