How early life may have formed? (A PNAS Study) – An illustration/infograph

water droplets, life, glass
(Source: Pixabay)

In a recent study published in PNAS, it has been found that the surface of water droplets could be considered as best places for early life reactions.

How early life may have formed Rectangle.384 Circle.386 Rectangle.376 Rectangle.368 Rectangle.364 Rectangle.347 Sheet.9 Further Reading: Holden, D. T., Morato, N. M., & Cooks, R. G…. Further Reading: Holden, D. T., Morato, N. M., & Cooks, R. G. (2022). Aqueous microdroplets enable abiotic synthesis and chain extension of unique peptide isomers from free amino acids. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 119(42), e2212642119. Sheet.323 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2212642119 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2212642119 Rectangle.324 Peptide forming reactions take place in water Peptide forming reactions take place in water 2-D word balloon.325 Water Water Rectangle.326 Simple amino acids make Peptides and Proteins Simple amino acidsmakePeptidesandProteins Sheet.327 Sheet.328 Rectangle.329 Rectangle.330 2-D word balloon.331 Primordial molecules Primordial molecules 2-D word balloon.332 Building blocks of life Building blocks of life 2-D word balloon.334 Reactions taking place in droplets of pure water Reactions taking place in droplets of pure water Rectangle.336 Life on Earth Life on Earth Dynamic connector.337 leading to leading to 2-D word balloon.338 This water-based chemistry can also help in faster drug devel… This water-based chemistry can also help in faster drug development for debilitating diseases Sheet.339 The fountain of life: Water droplets hold the secret ingredie… The fountain of life: Water droplets hold the secret ingredient for building life Sheet.340 https://phys.org/news/2022-10-fountain-life-droplets-secret-i… https://phys.org/news/2022-10-fountain-life-droplets-secret-ingredient.html Rectangle.341 Previously, it was theorized Previously, it was theorized Rectangle.343 Life started in oceans Life started in oceans Dynamic connector.344 that that Rectangle.350 Amino acids Amino acids Dynamic connector.351 from from 2-D word balloon.352 Came to the Earth with the help of meteorites Came to the Earth with the help of meteorites Rectangle.353 Peptides Peptides Dynamic connector.354 reacted and latched together to form reacted and latched together to form Rectangle.355 Proteins Proteins Dynamic connector.356 forming forming Dynamic connector.357 eventually eventually Rectangle.358 Loss of a water molecule Loss of a water molecule Dynamic connector.359 This process requires This process requires Rectangle.360 Highly unlikely Highly unlikely Dynamic connector.361 which is which is Rectangle.362 In oceanic, aqueous, wet environment In oceanic, aqueous, wet environment Dynamic connector.363 in in 2-D word balloon.366 A problem in the previous theory A problem in the previous theory Rectangle.367 Formation of life Formation of life Dynamic connector.369 This shows This shows Rectangle.370 Requires water Requires water Rectangle.371 Space away from water Space away from water Dynamic connector.372 not only not only Dynamic connector.373 but also but also Rectangle.377 Holden et al. (2022) Holden et al. (2022) Dynamic connector.378 worked on this phenomenon worked on this phenomenon Rectangle.379 Cooks Cooks 2-D word balloon.380 Expert in early Earth chemistry and mass spectrometry Expert in early Earth chemistry and mass spectrometry Circle Dynamic connector.387 noted noted Rectangle.388 Surface, at which, water droplets interact with atmosphere Surface, at which, water droplets interact with atmosphere Dynamic connector.389 shows shows 2-D word balloon.390 Water droplet Water droplet Rectangle.391 Abiotic amino acids Abiotic amino acids Rectangle.392 Life-forming Peptides Life-forming Peptides Dynamic connector.393 here here Dynamic connector.394 convert into convert into Rectangle.395 Formation of life Formation of life Dynamic connector.396 potentially good place for potentially good place for Rectangle.397 Places where sea sprays spread into the air, Places where wav… Places where sea sprays spread into the air,Places where waves come in contact with land,Fresh water moves down a slope Dynamic connector.398 may include may include Rectangle.399 Places where incredibly rapid reactions take place Places where incredibly rapid reactions take place Dynamic connector.400 are are

Usman Zafar Paracha

Usman Zafar Paracha is a sort of entrepreneur. He is the author of "Color Atlas of Statistics", and the owner of an Android game "Faily Rocket."