Joint pain in different conditions

Joint pain is one of the most common symptoms associated with different conditions, including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and spondyloarthritis.

If the joint pain is severe in the morning and/or worsens with rest, it may represent rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, or spondyloarthritis.

If the joint pain is monoarticular or oligoarticular, and affects more commonly knees and/or ankles, then the condition could be spondyloarthritis.

If the joint pain is oligoarticular or polyarticular, and affects more commonly wrists, hands, and/or feet, then the condition could be rheumatoid arthritis or systematic lupus erythematosus.

If the joint pain improves with rest and/or worsens with movement, and affects more commonly hips, hands, and/or knees, then the condition could be osteoarthritis.

Glossary:

Monoarticular refers to affecting single joint.

Oligoarticular refers to affecting 2-4 joints

Polyarticular refers to affecting 5 or more joints.

Source:

Fernandez-Avila, D. G., Rojas, M. X., Ramirez, C., Rodelo, L., & Soriano, E. (2020). Effectiveness of the use of an algorithm in the diagnostic approach of joint pain patients by primary care physicians. Rheumatol Int, 40(11), 1857-1864. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00296-020-04552-1

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