Researchers have found that gum disease has no causal relation with heart disease or stroke.
[hana-code-insert name=’StumbleUpon’ /][hana-code-insert name=’Reddit’ /]This research has been done on behalf of American Heart Association and published online in the journal Circulation.
An American Heart Association expert committee — composed of cardiologists, dentists and infectious diseases specialists —did observational studies on 500 articles and studies noting relations between gum disease and cardiovascular disease.
“There’s a lot of confusion out there,” said Peter Lockhart, co-chair of the statement writing group and professor and chair of oral medicine at the Carolinas Medical Center in Charlotte, N.C., in an AHA press release. “The message sent out by some in healthcare professions that heart attack and stroke are directly linked to gum disease, can distort the facts, alarm patients and perhaps shift the focus on prevention away from well known risk factors for these diseases.”
It has been reported that “the 2 disorders share several common risk factors, including cigarette smoking, age, and diabetes mellitus” but there are no potential evidences that gum disease also known as periodontal disease is the cause of cardiovascular disease or the treatment of periodontal disease could reduce cardiovascular disease.
“Much of the literature is conflicting,” Lockhart said, “but if there was a strong causative link, we would likely know that by now.”
However, it is important to note that healthy teeth and gums are essential for overall health.
Peter B. Lockhart, DDS, Co-Chair; Ann F. Bolger, MD, FAHA, Co-Chair; Panos N. Papapanou, DDS, PhD; Olusegun Osinbowale, MD; Maurizio Trevisan, MD; Matthew E. Levison, MD; Kathryn A. Taubert, PhD, FAHA; Jane W. Newburger, MD, MPH, FAHA; Heather L. Gornik, MD, MHS, FAHA; Michael H. Gewitz, MD, FAHA; Walter R. Wilson, MD; Sidney C. Smith Jr, MD, FAHA; Larry M. Baddour, MD, FAHA, (2012). Periodontal Disease and Atherosclerotic Vascular Disease: Does the Evidence Support an Independent Association? A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Circulation, doi: 10.1161/CIR.0b013e31825719f3