Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a psychiatric (mental) disorder in which the patient suffers from emotional instability. 

Symptoms of Schizophrenia:

1. Hallucinations: Most commonly auditory hallucinations occur.

2. Delusions

These two symptoms cause withdrawal from reality.

3. Confusions or loss of normal thinking

4. Emotionally unstable and withdrawal from self. The patient becomes deficient of feelings.

Occurence:

It occurs in 8 out of 1000 people.

Treatment strategies:

Treatment strategies of schizophrenia include the use of drugs i.e. antipsychotic medications, supportive therapy and psychotherapy. Healthcare provider must be consulted in case of medications.

Anti-psychotic medications help to relieve many symptoms of schizophrenia but upon stoppage of medication the symptoms may return.

Psychotherapy helps to relieve the patient’s feelings of isolation and helplessness.

References and Further Reading:

schizophrenia. (2011). Encyclopædia Britannica. Ultimate Reference Suite. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001925/ accessed August 13, 2011.

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