Pharmacy (course) in Pakistan

Following article has been contributed by Shoaib Meran, Student  Batch V, Pharmacy deptt. hajvery University, Lahore, Pakistan.

When pharmacy profession started in Pakistan, it was already a promising profession in other countries. Due to some reasons Pakistan was not able to contribute well to the national healthcare system.

Currently there are 20 institutions, running pharmacy deptt. and which are recognized by Pakistan Pharmacy Council.
These are as follows:

  • Bahauddin Zakariya University – Faculty of Pharmacy
  • Baqai Medical University – Baqai Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • Federal Urdu University of Sciences and Technology – Faculty of Pharmacy
  • GC University Faisalabad – College of Pharmacy
  • Gomal University – Faculty of Pharmacy
  • Hajvery University – School of Pharmacy
  • Hamdard University – Faculty of Pharmacy
  • The Islamia University of Bahawalpur – Faculty of Pharmacy
  • Jinnah University For Women – Faculty of Pharmacy
  • Kohat University of science and Technology – Facualty of Pharmacy
  • Lahore College for Women University – Department of Pharmacy
  • Riphah International University – Department of Pharmacy
  • University of Balochistan – Faculty of Pharmacy
  • University of Karachi – Faculty of Pharmacy
  • University of Lahore – Department of Pharmacy
  • University of Malakand – Faculty of Pharmacy
  • University of Peshawar – Faculty of Pharmacy
  • University of Sargodha – Faculty of Pharmacy
  • University of Sindh – Faculty of Pharmacy
  • University of the Punjab – College of Pharmacy

In 2004, four years Pharmacy program (B. Pharmacy degree) was changed to 5 years Pharmacy program (Pharm. D degree) by the Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan.

The subjects which must be specially considered in Pharmacy are clinical and social aspects of Pharmacy and now it is under process to make the role of Pharmacy more Patient and community oriented.

The content and the subjects in the final year (fifth year) are just an extension of the first 4 years. Areas such as pharmacogenomics (how an individual’s genetic makeup affects the body’s response to drugs), pharmacoinformatics (drug information), and the use of traditional medicines have been mostly ignored. Also, the syllabus does not include other areas such as drug abuse, geriatric pharmacy, patient counseling, patient compliance, research methods, and evidence-based medicine. Subjects such as pharmacoeconomics (economic evaluation of drugs) and pharmacoepidemiology (drug utilization studies), public health pharmacy, and drug policy have also been largely undermined.

But Hospital attachments with the Universities have been done on large scale. All universities have now affiliations with Hospitals.

Together we can make a lot of positive differences in the field of Pharmacy. Pharmacist are most important students of the medical profession as they know not only about the Chemical aspects of medicine but also know a lot about medicine.

In Pakistan, what most medical stores were unaware of was important knowledge about drug dispensing and storage as well as improper dispensing practices. It is important for our Government to make such rules which can help in initiating the true role of Pharmacists.

References and further reading:

Zahid A. Butt et al. (2005). Quality of pharmacies in Pakistan: a cross-sectional survey. International Journal for Quality in Health care, 17(4), 307-313